About India Information
India is one of the biggest Republic and a democratic country in the world. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area. India places second position in the population, next to china.
The majesty of India is the Himalayan range, which is in the North. The Indian Ocean is in the South, the Arabian Sea in the West and the Bay of Bengal in the East. The land borders of India ends with Pakistan in the west. Bhutan China and Nepal lies in the Northeast. Bangladesh and Burma are in the East of India. Sri Lanka and Maldives lies in the south of India (ie) in the Indian Ocean. Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
India is a home of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization; Cultural, traditional and a region of historic trade routes. The Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and Economical wealth for its long history. Four of the world's major religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are originated here. Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Islam also arrived in the 1st millennium. This helped to shape the regions and diverse culture.
India was administered by the British East India Company from the early 18th century. United Kingdom administered India during the mid-19th century directly. India got freedom in 1947 by Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence and many other freedom fighters.
The Indian economy is the world's ninth-largest economy by nominal GDP and fourth largest economy in purchasing power parity (PPP). In 1991 India followed market-based economic reforms, so India has become one of the fastest growing countries in economical and industrialized country.
India supposed to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption and inadequate public health. India has the third-largest standing army in the world and it ranks tenth in the military expenditure among nations.
India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. It is one of the 5 BRICS nations.
There are many mountains, rivers, plains, plateaus and deserts; which gives life to mammals, variety birds, and animals. Peoples of India are different in the languages, way of dressing, food, religion, caste and creed. Even though, having lot of diversity the people of India are living unity.
The people of India are joyous and tolerant. India has got its name by the name of the river Indus. Indus is in the North of the Equator between 8°5’ and 37°6(north latitude) and 68°8’ and 97°26(east longitude). The majesty of India is the Himalayan range, which is in the North.
History of India
India’s human remains of anatomy are found approximately 30,000 years ago. Mesolithic rock arts are found in many parts of India. The first Neolithic settlements are appeared in Mehrgarh and in the Western Pakistan during the period of BCE. The first urban culture of South Asia developed the Indus valley civilization; around the period of 2500 to 1900 BCE in Pakistan and Western India. Cities such as Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, Dholavira and Kalibangan are some civilizations which are engaged in crafts productions and wide-ranging trade.
The Copper Age and the Iron Age of this subcontinent are evolved during the age of 2000 to 500 BC. The Vedas such as Rig, Ajur, Sama and Adharva; the oldest scriptures of Hinduism are composed during this period. The Historians have analyzed the position of Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain. The several waves of Indo Aryan migration was considered by the Historians of the northwest. The caste system which spawned a social hierarchy is appeared during this age. Archaeological evidence of chiefdom stage of political organization was found in the Deccan. A large number of Megalithic Monuments are found in South India during this period. Agriculture, irrigation tanks and craft traditional evidences suggest a progression to sedentary life.